The biggest questions about EVs answered

Electric vehicles, or EVs for short, are the hottest automotive products for 2022. Its sales increased by one-third in the first half of 2022 and accounted for his 7.2% of new car registrations in Canada. In 2021 as a whole, that percentage was 5.2%.

However, many potential buyers are still asking dealers questions about the relatively new technology, or making reservations themselves.

How many kilometers can it run on a full charge?

Range is determined by EV model, battery size, ambient temperature, driving style, and willingness to pay more. The Mazda MX-30 and its 160-kilometer range are on the low end, with the six-figure Lucid Air Grand Touring up to 830 kilometers. A rough average for an EV today is around 400 km. Older EVs have a reduced range of around 160-320 kilometers due to first-generation technology and aging batteries.

Just like gas-powered cars, how you drive has a big impact on how far you can go. Accelerates slowly and smoothly with a long-lasting charge. Drive aggressively and maintain a high speed and you’ll cut yourself into range.

How long does the battery last?

Battery life is determined by how often the battery is exposed to temperature extremes, how often it is operated in high and low states of charge, how many charge cycles it undergoes, and how many times it is accessed by a DC fast charger.

Just like smartphone batteries, EV batteries get weaker every year, but slower. The EV’s battery will be about 77% charged after his decade, according to vehicle data firm Geotab.

To alleviate some of this concern, the U.S. federal government mandates that all EV batteries have at least eight years or 100,000 miles of coverage, whichever comes first. California and 14 other states with zero-emission vehicle regulations extend the coverage to 10 years.

Are you eligible for tax deductions?

In Canada, the Federal Incentive for Zero Emission Vehicles (iZEV) program offers a $5,000 rebate for battery electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) with an electric range greater than 49 km . A short-range PHEV qualifies him for $2,500.

The same eligibility criteria apply to both categories. Zero-emission passenger cars are eligible for incentives, with his under $55,000 and higher cost variants up to $65,000. Base prices for larger vehicles such as pickups, minivans, and SUVs must be less than $60,000 and higher variants must start at less than $70,000. Excludes higher trim levels.

British Columbia, Quebec, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island offer their own state government rebates in addition to their federal rebates.

How long does it take to charge?

The time it takes to charge an EV depends on the size of the battery, the speed of the on-board charger (usually rated in kilowatts), and the voltage where it’s plugged in. Daily driving and commuting can charge most people. Also known as Level 2 charging. Charging an EV with a standard 110 volt wall outlet can take quite a while. A Level 3 or DC fast charger is required for road trips. These high-power stations significantly reduce charging time, and vehicles can typically be charged from 10% to 80% in about 30 minutes.

Where and when can I get it?

Many EVs are available at local dealers. However, in recent years there has been a shortage of new vehicles, and EVs have been hit hardest because of their complexity. Consumers may be put on a waiting list.

Emerging brands such as Tesla, Lucid and Rivian exist outside the dealer system and sell directly to consumers on their websites. They are rarely kept in stock and are often made to order. Depending on the model and configuration of the vehicle, it may take him from a few weeks to a year or more.

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